What is migration?
Migration is movement of people from one region to another.
Herewith, ordinary visit or a business trip do not belong to this category. The main criteria for defining migration are:
• Intention to get another nationality;
• Intention to stay in a new place for permanent residence;
• Intention to stay temporarily in another country for employment.
Most often, the migration takes place under terms attracting people to a state or pushing them out of it.
Types of migration:
External - movement of people from one state to another, crossing international borders.
Internal - movement of people within the country (from city to city).
Persons who have moved out of the country are emigrants, and those who have moved to this country are immigrants.
Migration as any other concept has its own principles.
- Most of all it is carried out over short distances (it is more profitable for people to move to a neighboring state rather than to cross the oceans)
- The larger the capital of a state is, the more attractive it is
- Therefore the population in those states is grown due to migration, rather than due to natural population growth (childbirth)
- A state with a developed transport infrastructure and industry also attracts a large number of migrants.
Why do people migrate?
1. Improving life quality and living conditions.
2. Search of jobs with competitive wages.
3. Climate and health
Why is migration a good thing?
First of all, migration contributes to the well-being of families and, consequently, of the entire country. Thanks to migration processes, the population has a growing motivation to improve their level of education and awareness. As far as a state is concerned, migration is an economic growth, rise in manufacture and agriculture. Migration is a cultural exchange and a good impetus to social development. Only if it is a documented legal migration!
The term "migration" has spawned many related terms. People who have turned to migration are called migrants. There are legal and illegal migrants. Legal ones have crossed a state border and are in the country on a legal basis, whereas illegal ones have arrived in a state and are staying there illegally.
We are against illegal migration!
The consequences of illegal migration cause significant damage both to a state and migrants:
- Illegal migration contributes to low labor conditions and low standards of labor relations
- It violates human rights, international labor standards and domestic laws of a state
- Promotes human trafficking
- Destroys families because migrants stay away from families for a long time
- Increases the risk of infectious diseases and worsens sanitary and hygienic situation.